結晶物理学特論

科目名
Course Title
授業コード 単位数 配当年次 開講期間
Term
科目分類 ナンバリング
コード
曜日
コマ
教室 担当教員氏名
Instructor
結晶物理学特論
Advanced Crystal Physics
P121040001 2 1 後期授業 専門科目 TSMAE5A09-E1 木2 B5-1B38 沼倉 宏

オフィスアワー

Tuesdays, Time frame V (five), at Room 3A-01, Bldg B5, or web meeting upon request.

授業目標

Crystals are useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This course aims at understanding underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a variety of topics, and illustrating engineering applications using important materials.

Students are expected to be able to
(1) explain general principles and common trends in important physical properties of materials,
(2) explain physical and mathematical principles governing the symmetry-related properties of crystalline solids,
(3) quantitatively discuss directional properties of crystalline solids, for example, compute some physical property of a single crystal in a given direction from pertinent data.

教科書

Robert E. Newnham, 'Properties of materials - anisotropy, symmetry, structure', Oxford Univ Press (2005).
Full text is available from within OPU campuses, or from outside via SSL-VPN connection, free of charge. Visit Library Portal, go to 'Discovery', and search for titles 'properties of materials'.

参考書

J. F. Nye, 'Physical properties of crystals: their representation by tensors and matrices', Oxford Univ Press (1985).
Gerald Burns, 'Introduction to group theory with applications', Academic Press (1977); Japanese translation G. バーンズ 著「物性物理学のための群論入門」培風館 (1983).
Gerald Burns, A. M. Glazer, 'Space groups for solid state scientists', 3rd edition, Elsevier (2013).
Mark Ladd, 'Symmetry of crystals and molecules', Oxford University Press (2014).
Samuel M. Allen, Edwin L. Thomas, 'The structure of materials', Wiley (1999).
小野寺嘉孝「物性物理/物性化学のための群論入門」裳華房 (1996).
小川智哉「結晶工学の基礎(応用物理学選書)」裳華房 (1998).
今野豊彦「物質の対称性と群論」共立出版 (2001).

関連科目

Advanced solid-state theory in materials (材料物性学特論)
Advanced characterisation of crystal structures (結晶構造評価特論)

授業時間外の学習(準備学習等について)

Work on the homework.
Read the chapter in the textbook that will be the topic of the next class.

授業の概要

In the first few classes mathematical and physical foundations are given. Specific topics that are discussed after that are chosen from the textbook considering the students' preferences.

Exercises are given for homework, with some preliminary discussion as hints. Students are to work on them and submit the answer(s) by the specified date, which is the day before the next class. The teacher gives explanation and remarks at the next class, inviting discussion with the students.

授業計画

第1回 Introduction - Physical properties and crystal symmetry 準備学習等 Chapter 1
第2回 Transformations - Mathematical preparation 準備学習等 Chapter 2
第3回 Symmetry - Crystallographic point groups 準備学習等 Chapter 3
第4回 Transformations and symmetry - Crystallographic symmetry elements 準備学習等 Chapter 4
第5回 Tensors and physical properties 準備学習等 Chapter 5
第6回 Thermodynamic relationships 準備学習等 Chapter 6
第7回 Thermal properties - Specific heat and entropy; thermal expansion 準備学習等 Chapters 7 and 11
第8回 Electrical properties - Dielectrics 準備学習等 Chapter 9
第9回 Mechanical properties - Stress and strain; elasticity 準備学習等 Chapters 10 and 13
第10回 Elasticity (cont'd) 準備学習等 Chapter 13
第11回 Cross-coupled effects - Pyroelectricity; piezoelectricity 準備学習等 Chapters 9 and 12
第12回 Piezoelectricity (cont'd) 準備学習等 Chapter 12
第13回 Magnetic phenomena 準備学習等 Chapter 14
第14回 Magnetic phenomena (cont'd) 準備学習等 Chapter 14
第15回 Ferroic crystals 準備学習等 Chapter 16

成績評価

Evaluation is made on the activity and the level of classroom discussion (40%) and the results of homework tasks (60%). Student is to show that he/she understands the basic concepts and is able to discuss practical problems on their basis.

備考(実務経験の活用を含む)

Be sure to register yourself to the course before the day of the first lecture.